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Developing a framework for the Climate change, Conflict, and Migration (CCM) Nexus in Libya and Sudan

The Corioli Institute conducted a Climate Change, Conflict and Migration (CCM) Nexus and Water Scarcity Study in Libya and Sudan through a mixed methods approach that used a combination of survey data and ethnographic field research. The main objective of the Study was to contribute to developing public policies that address issues related to conflict, migration, environment and climate change in Libya, Sudan, and the MENA region. It aimed to equip critical actors and institutions with the evidence and analysis necessary to implement public policies and design programmes considering the CCM Nexus. The methodology deployed dual qualitative and quantitative design to generate empirical data and shed light on the linkages between the study themes.
We focus on aspects broadly generalisable to the MENA region and contexts facing similar issues and identified principal issues shared across both countries’ findings. Based on these findings, the CI researcher developed a generalizable analytic framework to address the intersection of migration and environmental and climate-related issues. It is based on the recognition that environmental and climate-related factors, such as disasters, resource scarcity and changing weather patterns, can be drivers of migration and that migration, in turn, can impact the environment. The strategy seeks to ensure that migration is managed in an environmentally and climate-sensitive manner and that the rights and needs of migrants are protected. The outcome of this study is a policy paper that was published with the International Organization for Migration. In addition, our team will leverage the strategy alongside participatory practice with an aim of increasing the role of women and youth in community leadership through the implementation of sustainable agricultural practices.
This project, resulting from participatory engagement with stakeholders in the region, engages conflict-affected individuals from all sides to build a community garden in the pursuit of environmental sustainability and peace. The community-centered approach and process will be documented in a book to be both published and distributed across Colombia for Colombians, bringing light to the hope and promise of continued peace that the project represents. This work convenes victims of the conflict and former combatants of the conflict, both former FARC and former military.

Through collaboration with SENA (Servicio Nacional de Aprendizaje, or National Training Service), we have finalized a contract between a small agrarian community and a local grocery store chain, Primo, in which the community will be cultivating lettuce, tomatoes, and cucumbers with a new hydroponics system provided by our grant. SENA will continue to partner with us in training the community members in the use of the new system and other critical sustainable practices. This project builds on empirical research conducted by the Institute on the Climate Change, Conflict, and Migration (CCM) Nexus. We will expand to beekeeping in the next phase of the project and continue to grow this work across regions historically affected by conflict.

Developing a framework for the Climate change, Conflict, and Migration (CCM) Nexus in Libya and Sudan
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