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Libya, Sudan and Kenya

Developing a framework for the Climate change, Conflict, and Migration (CCM) Nexus

The Corioli Institute has been conducting a Climate Change, Conflict and Migration (CCM) Nexus and Water Scarcity Study in Libya, Sudan and Kenya through a mixed methods approach that used a combination of survey data and ethnographic field research. The main objective of the Study is to contribute to developing public policies that address issues related to conflict, migration, environment and climate change in Libya, Sudan, Kenya and the MENA region. It aimed to equip critical actors and institutions with the evidence and analysis necessary to implement public policies and design programmes considering the CCM Nexus. The methodology deployed dual qualitative and quantitative design to generate empirical data and shed light on the linkages between the study themes.

We focus on aspects broadly generalisable to the MENA region and contexts facing similar issues and identified principal issues shared across both countries’ findings. Based on these findings, the CI researcher developed a generalizable analytic framework to address the intersection of migration and environmental and climate-related issues. It is based on the recognition that environmental and climate-related factors, such as disasters, resource scarcity and changing weather patterns, can be drivers of migration and that migration, in turn, can impact the environment. The strategy seeks to ensure that migration is managed in an environmentally and climate-sensitive manner and that the rights and needs of migrants are protected. The outcome of this study is a policy paper that was published with the International Organization for Migration. In addition, our team will leverage the strategy alongside participatory practice with an aim of increasing the role of women and youth in community leadership through the implementation of sustainable agricultural practices.

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